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5TRIPReportTRIPisanonprotorganizaonthatresearchesandevaluateseconomicandtechnicaldataonsurfacetransportaonissues.TRIPreportsontheNaonalandindividualstatestransportaonnetworksfocusingonsafetyandtheimpactoftransportaoncondionsondriversvehiclesandtheeconomy.Accordingtothe2014TRIPReportAnnually364billioningoodsareshippedfromNorthCarolinaand337billioningoodsareshippedtoNorthCarolinamostlybytruck.ElevenpercentofNCsmajorroadsandhighwayshavepoorpavementcondion.Pavementcondionon38percentofthestatesmajorroadsisratedfairormediocre.PoorroadcondionscostNorthCarolinamotorists2.3billionayearinextravehiclerepairsandoperangcosts340permotorist.Fiy-fourpercentofNorthCarolinasmajorurbanhighwaysarecongested.TraccongesoncostsAmericanmotorists121billionayearinwastedmeandfuelcosts.Roadwaycondionsareasignicantfactorinapproximatelyone-thirdoftracfatalies.Therewere1292tracfataliesin2012inNCandatotalof6585peoplediedonNorthCarolinashighwaysfrom2008through2012.TTIUrbanMobilityReportTTITheTexasAMUniversityTransportaonInstutestudiestransportaonandtraccongesonaroundthenaonandseekssoluonstotheproblemsandchallengesfacingallmodesoftransportaon.Inits2012UrbanMobilityReportTTIassignsvaluestohoursdollarsandfuellostduetotracinsomeofourstatesmostcongestedareas.AccordingtoTTIin2011TheaveragedriverintheCharloeurbanareawasted40hourseachyearstuckintracandloses898inthecostoflostmeandwastedfuelasaresultoftraccongeson.TheaveragedriverintheRaleigh-Durhamareawasted23hourseachyearstuckintracandloses502inthecostoflostmeandwastedfuelasaresultoftraccongeson.TheaveragedriverinGreensborowasted27hourseachyearstuckintracandloses588inthecostoflostmeandwastedfuelasaresultoftraccongeson.TheaveragedriverinWinston-Salemwasted20hourseachyearintracandloses435inlostmeandwastedfuelasaresultoftraccongeson.TTIresearchersconcludedthatthemosteecvewaytoaddresstraccongesonvariesbyurbanareabutthatinallcasesamul-facetedapproachshouldbeused.Thatincludesmoreecienttracmanagementandpublictransportaoninaddiontonewconstrucon.HowDoesInadequateInvestmentinTransportaonImpactSafetyTransportaondollarsdictatePavementcondionpotholerepairsBridgecondionLanewidthsRoadwaylighngLanemarkingsShouldersGuardrailsMedianbarriersClearsignageIntersecondesignThenumberoflanesExcessfuelconsumponTireweardamageSuspensionweardamageAcceleratevehicledepreciaonHowDoPoorRoadsImpactDriversCostsPoorroadcondionslikepotholesleadto