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7FundingtheFutureNewSoluonsforMeengTomorrowsNeedsNorthCarolinahas80456state-controlledmilesinitssystem-secondonlytoTexas-allofwhicharemaintainedwithstatefunds.Andcontrarytopopularbeliefourstateisextremelyecient.Thetotalspendingpermileis52282-thethirdlowestintheNaon.ComparethatwithNewJerseyastateofcomparablepopulaonwhichspendsinexcessof2Millionpermile.Slleciencywillonlycarryussofarinlightof42percentprojectedgrowthby2040-13.5millionNorthCarolinians.Thegastaxmodelwillnotproducesucientrevenuetofundtransportaonprimarilybecauseofincreasedvehicleeciency.ThesoluonIntroduceanumberoffundingmeasuresthatSPREADtheRESPONSIBILITYoverdierenttypesofusersandcolleconmeans.Accordingtoa2013reportfromtheInstuteforTransportaonResearchandEducaonITRE38stateshaveconsideredortried121dierentrevenueenhancementmechanismsleadingtothesuccessfuladoponorreinstatementof30revenueenhancementmechanisms.ThemostcommonrevenueenhancementmechanismsareGastaxincreasesorindexing24statesSalestax14statesOtherfeesandfares13statesMileage-BasedUserFees11statesTolling7statesBoomlinethetwomostcricalfactorsinvolvedindetermininghowdriverscontributetotheirimpactandconsumponoftheroadsremainUSEmilesdrivenandWEIGHT.Heaviervehiclesdomoredamage.AccordingtotheFederalHighwayAdministraonmostpassengervehiclespaytheirfullshareofpavementdamageswhiletruckspayaslileas50centsforeachdollarofdamagetheyimpartontheroadway.AndAccordingtoaseriesofarclesintheNewsObserverin2006anda2007GoverningarcleTrucksdesignedtocarryamaxweightof80000poundsoencarriedmorethan90000poundsA10000poundincreaseinweightequaleda42percentincreaseindamageonNorthCarolinaroadsTotalDisbursementsperState-ControlledMileTransportaonRevenueEnhancementOponsinNCBillionsof2011DollarsRevenueEnhancementOponsEsmatedTotalRevenueunl2040AssumedYeartoImplementConnueMotorFuelsTaxIndexing18.85OngoingIncreaseRegistraonLicenseFeeswithInaon6.132016EliminateTransfersfromHighwayFund4.252016RedirectShortTermvehicleLeaseFeetoNCDOT0.632016Addional1HighwayUseTaxSalesTaxonAutos3.252016DedicatedLocalVehiclePropertyTax0.502016AutoInsuranceSurcharge10TaxRate12.162020WholesaleMotorFuelsTax812.222020InterstateTolling6centsmiRural12centsmiUrbanadjustedfor3.5inaon41.932020VMTFee2centsmiadjustedforinaon26.642020TotalRevenueEnhancementOponsPotenal126.56FHWAHighwayStascs2012